Cleveland & El Salvador: An Issue-Specific Case Study

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Category: Issue

Author: Shelley E. Rose, Cleveland State University

The Cleveland Martyrs: The Cleveland InterReligious Task Force (IRTF) and U.S. Involvement in El Salvador. 

On December 2, 1980 four female missioners were raped and murdered in El Salvador. Two of the women, Sr. Dorothy Kazel and lay missioner Jean Donovan, were from Cleveland. Their deaths inspired the creation of the InterReligious Task Force in Cleveland and the individual activism of Ursuline nuns like Sr. Diane Therese Pinchot, who crossed the line at the Western Hemisphere Institute of Security Cooperation (formerly the School of Americas). This exhibit maps the spaces of protest events and memorials connected to the four churchwomen in Cleveland, the United States, and El Salvador. 

*This case study is under construction- please refer to the following materials from the 2016 Undergraduate Research Award project funded by the Cleveland State Office of Research for additional information*

Morris, Christopher. "The InterReligious Task Force of Cleveland and El Salvador," Social Studies @ CSU. June 28, 2016. 

"Protest Voices (USRA 2016)" Collection. Cleveland Regional Oral History Collection. URL:

Archives: Archives of the Ursuline Sisters of Cleveland. Ursuline Educational Center, Cleveland Ohio; Archives, Diocese of Cleveland.

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